To keep tabs on ecosystem health in Borneo, follow these birds: Study

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  • A these days revealed analysis has steered making an attempt on the wild populations of a key fowl species as a gauge for ecosystem effectively being in Borneo.
  • The researchers found six Bornean fowl species are sturdy indicators of intact forests, three species indicated the state of a depleted forest, one for mixed gardens, and none for oil palm plantations.
  • The outcomes endorse the ultimate improvement found all through the tropics of a giant low cost in fowl species richness, from sophisticated pure and former secondary forest constructions to simplified monoculture habitats.
  • Borneo is taken under consideration a giant biodiversity evolutionary hotspot, nevertheless logging, mining and conversion to monoculture agriculture have drastically impacted its rainforests, and modified panorama development via fragmentation and habitat loss.

JAKARTA — To improve ecosystem administration in Borneo, take a look on the inhabitants tendencies of key fowl species on the island, researchers say.

The scientists from the Heart for Worldwide Forestry Analysis (CIFOR) and Indonesia’s Tanjungpura College have found that six Bornean fowl species are sturdy indicators of intact forests — mixed dipterocarp and heath — in West Kalimantan, a province in Indonesian Borneo. They embody the great argus (Argusianus argus), the cinnamon-rumped trogon (Harpactes orrhophaeus), and the rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros).

The analysis, revealed April 29 inside the journal World Ecology and Conservation, moreover found that three completely different species had been good indicators of a depleted forest state: the mustached babbler (Malacopteron magnirostre), the brown-cheeked bulbul (Alophoixus bres) and the chestnut-backed scimitar babbler (Pomatorhinus montanus). The white-bellied erpornis (Erpornis zantholeuca), within the meantime, was found to be a wonderful indicator species for mixed gardens, whereas none had been indicators for oil palm farms.

The researchers carried out topic campaigns all through West Kalimantan, a space that represents “an historical deforestation entrance and illustrates a gradient of fragmentation, from the extra forested inside to the extra developed central and west areas,” they write.

Sampled web sites in West Kalimantan province for the analysis. Picture courtesy of Simamora et al. (2021).
The good argus (Argusianus argus). Picture by Peter Steward by the use of Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0).

The sampled web sites inside the analysis coated a lowland space of spherical 90,000 sq. kilometers (34,750 sq. miles) with quite a few forest varieties, ranging between intact forests to fallows to smallholder rubber/oil palm farms and mixed gardens, and industrial oil palm plantations. The researchers recorded a whole of 10,519 specific particular person birds of 214 species, just about 90% of the 241 acknowledged lowland forest species for Borneo Island.

“Our outcomes endorsed the final development discovered throughout the tropics of a big discount in fowl species richness, from the complicated pure and previous secondary forest constructions to the simplified monoculture habitats,” Trifosa Iin Simamora, a researcher at CIFOR, wrote inside the paper.

They found that the conversion of forest to fallow phases lowered fowl species richness by 18%, whereas forest conversion to smallholder oil palm lowered fowl species richness by 73%, and conversion from forest to a monoculture industrial oil palm panorama lowered richness by 82%.

Eighty % of the fowl species hottest an intact forest setting, whereas the financial oil palm web sites had been primarily essentially the most averted vegetation for all fowl species, with solely 6% of birds adapting to this land use. Farm-dependent species moreover had little conservation value as per IUCN necessities, consistent with the analysis.

The paper found 28 forest-dependent fowl species, 54% of them listed as prone or near-threatened on the IUCN Crimson Record, and 74% subsisting on a single merchandise weight-reduction plan, emphasizing their vulnerability to habitat disturbance.

“Our outcomes spotlight the relative impacts of various agricultural practices and land makes use of on the potential conservation outcomes of forest birds, notably the necessity to take into account the mixing of fragmented habitats into panorama administration schemes to keep up a sure stage of forest fowl variety within the agricultural matrix,” Simamora wrote.

Borneo, the third-largest island on this planet, is taken under consideration a giant biodiversity evolutionary hotspot and incorporates the perfect stage of mammal and plant species richness in Southeast Asia. It’s moreover home to some 670 fowl species, of which 42 are found nowhere else on Earth, and 46 are near-threatened.

Logging, mining and conversion to monoculture agriculture have drastically impacted Borneo’s rainforests, and modified panorama development via fragmentation and habitat loss.

The researchers talked about understanding the inhabitants tendencies of these key fowl species may probably be used to look at habitat prime quality and effectively being of forest agriculture panorama mosaics and improve the effectiveness of administration, conservation and monitoring ultimately.

“Sustaining such panorama options would require the strengthening of present panorama administration, by means of methods to advertise the sustainable use of bird-friendly habitats,” Simamora wrote.

A rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros). Picture by Mark Louis Benedict by the use of Flickr (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).

Quotation:

Simamora, T. I., Purbowo, S. D., & Laumonier, Y. (2021). On the lookout for indicator fowl species inside the context of forest fragmentation and isolation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. World Ecology and Conservation, e01610. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01610

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Animals, Biodiversity, Birds, Conservation, Endangered Species, Atmosphere, Forests, Rainforest Animals, Rainforest Biodiversity, Rainforests, Science, Species, Tropical Conservation Science, Tropical Deforestation, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation


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